Welcome to École polytechnique learning platform

The Ecole polytechnique learning platform, based on Moodle, allows you to find the individual courses (lectures, seminars, projects, etc.) which make up our academic programs.

This platform is synchronised with our course catalog SynapseS available at https://synapses.polytechnique.fr/.

You can search by name or code (see browser below) or click on the current academic year (menu on the left) in order to browse by Subject Area.

Please note that not all courses are available to all students. If you are unsure whether or not you can register for a particular course, you should contact the professors in charge of your program. For the “Diplôme d’ingénieur” and Master IP Paris, you will find the detailed curriculum on those websites: https://programmes.polytechnique.edu/en/ingenieur-polytechnicien-program/ingenieur-polytechnicien-program and https://www.ip-paris.fr/formation/masters/.  For the MScT programs, please use this website: https://programmes.polytechnique.edu/en/master/msct-programs

While care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of this learning platform, courses may be subject to change subsequently. Please contact professors in charge of the courses for further information.


    Cursos disponibles

    Biology (BIO101) is a molecular and
    cellular biology course, which provides
    all the concepts required for a scientific
    understanding of living systems. This
    course aims both at preparing students
    for the biology option, which is available
    in the Mathematics & Computer Science
    and Mathematics & Physics majors, and
    at raising awareness about socio-economic
    issues related to biology, such as
    health, ethics or bioengineering.




    Biology (BIO 101) is a molecular and cellular biology course, which provides all the concepts required for a scientific understanding of living systems. This course aims both at preparing students for the biology option, which is available in the Mathematics & Computer Science and Mathematics & Physics majors, and at raising awareness about socio-economic issues related to biology, such as health, ethics or bioengineering.

    Prerequisite: BIO101
    Cell Biology (BIO201) explores the mechanisms that cells use to communicate with their
    environment, produce force to move, acquire or lose identity in normal and pathological contexts,
    and organise during the development of an embryo. The course focuses on human cells, and
    emphasis is placed on human diseases where appropriate. The course alternates lectures,
    tutorials, and practical sessions of laboratory work. The intention is to allow students to develop
    their knowledge in the subject area, to acquire sound scientific reasoning, and to become familiar
    with the main techniques of modern cell biology, like quantitative microscopy imaging and
    computer-assisted data analysis.




     Cell Biology (BIO 201) introduces students to the mechanisms that cells use to regulate the physical properties of their dynamic architecture, to produce force and move, to compartmentalize and transport proteins, to regulate growth and death, and to communicate with their environment. The course focuses on human cells, and emphasis is placed on human diseases where appropriate. Upon course completion, students have a comprehensive understanding of the function and architecture of cells.

    Because experimentation is at the heart of progress in cell biology, 50% of classes contain practical work, completed over the course of the semester. The intention is to allow students to develop their knowledge in the subject area, to acquire sound scientific reasoning, and to become familiar with the main techniques of modern cell biology, like quantitative microscopy imaging and computer-assisted data analysis.

    Prerequisite: BIO201
    Molecular Genetics (BIO202) provides
    an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms
    by which living organisms store,
    express and transmit genetic information
    and the basis of human genetic diseases.
    Lectures will cover a range of topics,
    including the molecular aspects of DNA
    replication and transcription, translation
    of RNA into protein and gene regulations.
    This course will also cover the latest
    methodologies used in genomics analysis,
    like DNA sequencing.
    Because experimentation is at the heart
    of progress in cell biology, 50% of classes
    contain practical work, completed over
    the course of the semester. The intention
    is to allow students to develop their
    knowledge in the subject area, to acquire
    sound scientific reasoning, and to combine
    the modern techniques in molecular
    genetics with computer-assisted data
    analysis.




    Molecular Genetics (BIO 202) provides an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms by which living organisms store, express and transmit genetic information and the basis of human genetic diseases. Lectures will cover a range of topics, including the molecular aspects of DNA replication and transcription, translation of RNA into protein and gene regulations. This course will also cover the latest methodologies used in genomics analysis, like DNA sequencing. Because experimentation is at the heart of progress in cell biology, 50% of classes contain practical work, completed over the course of the semester. The intention is to allow students to develop their knowledge in the subject area, to acquire sound scientific reasoning, and to combine the modern techniques in molecular genetics with computer-assisted data analysis.

    Prerequisite: BIO201 and BIO202
    The primary goal of the Biology practicals is to provide an overview of the most recent techniques
    to complement the practicals of BIO201 and BIO202. During this course, students will participate
    in research projects in the École Polytechnique laboratories where they will learn some of the
    most advanced techniques in biology under the supervision of researchers.




    The primary goal of the biology practicals is to provide an overview of the most recent techniques used by researchers in biology to complement the practicals of BIO201 and BIO202. During this course, students will rotate in several research laboratories of Ecole Polytechnique where they will learn some of the most advanced techniques in microscopy and genetic manipulations under the supervision of researchers.

    The biomedicine course will include a series of lectures covering the molecular and cellular mechanisms of diseases and therapeutic strategies to treat them. In parallel, students will actively participate to research performed in laboratories of Ecole Polytechnique on campus. All research topics are related to biomedicine.

    Les théories de la biodiversité sont à l'interface entre l'écologie et l'évolution. Les processus qui interviennent dans la genèse et le maintien de la biodiversité sont présentés. Ces processus sont de nature génétique (sélection naturelle, mutation, dérive, systèmes de reproduction), macroévolutive (spéciation, extinction), et écologique (maintien du polymorphisme, structuration biogéographique, niche écologiques). Ces concepts sont abordés sous forme de modèles qui font intervenir la théorie des jeux, les modèles spatialement structurés, la génétique des populations et la dynamique des populations, mais aussi à l'aide d'étude de cas particuliers.
    Ce cours traite aussi de l'application de ces théorie à la gestion de la biodiversité, au niveau populationnel (diminution de la variabilité génétique, réponse à la sélection et potentialités adaptatives) et des communautés écologiques (réponse de communautés à des changements climatiques ou autres, rôle d'assurance de la biodiversité).

    Langue du cours : Français
    Credits ECTS : 5




    Ecology and Biodiversity

    The theories of the biodiversity lie at the interface between ecology and evolution. The processes underlying the origin and the maintenance of
    biodiversity are presented. These processes are genetic (natural selection, mutation, genetic drift, systems of reproduction), macro-evolutionary
    (speciation, extinction), and ecological (maintenance of polymorphism, biogeography, ecological niches). These concepts are approached in the form
    of models using game theory, spatially structured models, population genetics and population dynamics, but also with the study of particular cases.
    This course also presents applications of these theories to the management of the biodiversity, at the population level (reduction in genetic variability,
    response to selection and adaptive potentialities

    Level : UnderGraduate
    Course Language : French

    Ce cours de 2ème année illustre quelques pathologies et les méthodes les plus actuelles pour les prendre en charge. Les pathologies choisies sont celles qui représentent les plus grands défis pour nos sociétés développées. Ce cours de biomédecine insiste sur le substrat biologique des pathologies et des traitements et fait une place à l’économie de la santé.

     

    Les 10 blocs sont :

    • Maladies génétiques et thérapie génique
    • Modèles animaux
    • Le médicament
    • Neuropsychiatrie
    • Maladies neurodégénératives
    • Le diabète
    • Origine des cancers
    • Thérapies des cancers
    • Vieillissement et cancer
    • Révisions

     

    Il est préférable d’avoir assimilé les notions introduites dans les cours de Biologie moléculaire et information génétique (BIO452) et Biologie cellulaire et développement BIO451) qui précèdent. Cependant ce ne sont pas des prérequis, car les notions fondamentales seront rappelées et le cours a pour ambition de pouvoir être suivi par tout élève que la biologie et la médecine intéressent. Mais il faut savoir que c’est un cours exigeant beaucoup d’investissement personnel pour les élèves n’ayant pas fait de biologie au préalable.

    Langue du cours : Français
    Credits ECTS : 5

     

     

     




    Pathologies and therapeutic strategies

    This 2nd year course illustrates some pathologies and the most current methods to take care of them. The pathologies chosen are those that represent the greatest challenges for our developed societies. This biomedical course portrays the biological substrate of pathologies and treatments as well as the economy of health.

    The 10 blocks are:

    • Genetic diseases
    • Animal models
    • Medication
    • Infectious diseases
    • Neuropsychiatry
    • Neurodegenerative diseases
    • Diabetes
    • Cancer biology
    • Treatment of cancers
    • Aging
    • Checking

    The courses of Molecular Biology and genetic information and Cell Biology and Development that precede helps to understand this course, but are not compulsory prerequisites. However, fundamental notions will be recalled and the course might be followed by any interest student at the price of personal investment.

    Level : Graduate
    Course Language : French

     

     

     

    La cellule est l’unité structurale et fonctionnelle de tous les organismes vivants. Le but de ce cours est de décrire l’organisation et le fonctionnement de la cellule, ainsi que la façon dont un organisme complexe se construit à partir de ces briques élémentaires. Ce cours permet la découverte de la biologie cellulaire et de la biologie du développement, disciplines centrales des sciences de la vie, à l’interface avec de nombreux autres aspects de la biologie, mais aussi avec la physique, la chimie, l’informatique et les sciences de l’ingénieur.

    Les principales thématiques abordées seront :

    • l’organisation interne de la cellule (membranes, compartimentation, trafic)
    • l’intégration de la cellule dans son environnement
    • la multiplication et la mort cellulaire
    • la construction d’un organisme multicellulaire complexe (apparition de types cellulaires différents, cellules souches, mise en place d’axes de symétrie et régionalisation, morphogenèse).

    BIO451 constitue une base solide et conseillée pour les autres cours de biologie d’année 2 et 3. Il est complémentaire de BIO452, et il est de ce fait recommandé d’avoir suivi BIO452.

    Langue du cours : Français
    Credits ECTS : 5

     

     

     



    Cell Biology and Development

    The cell is the basic structural, functional and biological unit of all known living organisms. This course will reveal the organization, functions and
    dysfunctions of the cell. Bio451 provides a broad introduction to cell biology, a discipline central to life sciences, at the interface with many other
    aspects of biology but also with physics, chemistry, computer and engineering sciences.
    After a quick description of the molecular components essential to living cells and of the key steps leading to the emergence of life on earth, students
    will discover the dynamic organization of the cell. How cells can assemble to form complex multicellular organisms will also be discussed. Finally,
    emphasis will be placed on the regulation of cellular functions (multiplication, dead cell, cell migration) by their microenvironment. This course will end
    on notions of Virology and Oncology, pathologies associated with disruption of cellular functions, and thus confront students with the crucial health
    problem.

    Requirements :BIO451 provides strong and recommended knowledge for other second and third year biology courses. It is complementary to BIO452, and having followed BIO452 is recommended.

    Langue du cours : French
    Credits ECTS : 5

    Cet enseignement permet la découverte d’une discipline de base et constitue un passeport conseillé pour les autres cours de biologie de l’année 2 et les programmes d'approfondissement de l’année 3 proposés par le département.

    Il dégagera la logique de fonctionnement du monde vivant et montrera comment la biologie, discipline actuellement en plein essor, se développe de plus en plus à l’interface avec la physique, la chimie, l’informatique et les sciences de l’ingénieur.

    Ce cours présentera d’abord les propriétés caractéristiques et les molécules informatives (ADN, ARN et protéines) partagées par les êtres vivants. Les principales régulations asservissant la production des ARN et des protéines seront ensuite détaillées. Ceci permettra de comprendre comment les cellules régulent l'expression de leurs gènes pour répondre à leurs besoins et s’adapter à des changements de leur environnement.

    Langue du cours : Français
    Credits ECTS : 5




    BIO452 Molecular Biology and genetic information
    Teaching coordinator : Arnaud ECHARD

    This course provides a broad introduction to an essential field and prepares for several other 2nd year biology courses, as well as for more advanced, 3rd year programs.
    This course will reveal the logic of life and will show how biology, an expanding scientific discipline, is developing more and more at the interface with physics, chemistry, informatics, mathematics and engineer sciences.
    The structure and function of the main biological macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) are presented, along with the regulation systems that control their production and adapt it to cellular needs.

    Level : Graduate
    Course Language : French