The course describes waves in fluids, with a preference for illustrations coming from the Earth system, in particular the atmosphere and ocean. Waves are one essential type of motion present in many fluids. One goal of the course is to demonstrate how one proceeds to obtain wave solutions starting from a physical description of a system and its equations of motion. Acoustic waves will be considered as a first example, surface water waves at different scales (from ripples in the pond to tsunamis) will be derived as further examples. Basics of fluid mechanics (Euler equations, kinematics) will be introduced in order to make these developments possible. Similarities in the behavior of fluid waves and optical waves seen in PHY202 will be discussed.

At the end of the course, the students will understand how one characterizes a family of waves (dispersion relation, polarisation relations), and how to proceed to obtain, in a given system, wave solutions if they exist. Some preliminary considerations for exploring behaviors beyond linearity will have been introduced, as an opening. Finally, some elements of the study of the Earth, and of the atmosphere in particular, will have been introduced.

- Teaching coordinator: Goutéraux Blaise
- Teaching coordinator: Plougonven Riwal
- Teaching coordinator: Upadhyay Manas