This course will provide participants with a broad description of the intricacy of contractual arrangements, market and regulations. First, we will cover the various business arrangements including contractual arrangement (mid and long term). Second, we study Market mechanisms; physical vs financial, Regulated vs Over The Counter (OTC). And finally we will look into regulatory packages governing the Gas and Electricity infrastructures (including the status of transmission system operators and distribution system operators around the world).

Langue du cours : Anglais

The Energy related Industries are highly project centric. Energy companies tend to extensively use projects to organize their activities. Most initiatives are managed under a program / project structure before being transferred to operations. Mastering the concepts and techniques of project management becomes a must for companies competing in the new economy where every investment should be justified and measured against its outcome. In this course participants will gain a strong working knowledge of project management. They will be faced with project management challenges in general and in the energy sector in particular. They will be able to put that knowledge into practice and capitalize on it in order to improve their project management skills.

Langue du cours : Anglais


Since before Charlemagne, there has been a love story between Paris and its citizens. Paris captured artists’ imagination as early as the Middle Ages with the “chanson de gestes,” but in the nineteenth century, it became a myth in French literature.

We will explore this myth and its evolution since the 1830s, starting with the “rooting” of the myth in Balzac’s works. We will also study how the novel developed as a city-defined genre. Authors that will be analyzed include: Balzac, Hugo, Flaubert, Baudelaire, Zola, Verne, Apollinaire, Breton and Modiano. We will study the evolution of the myth in literature and compare the literary constructions of Paris to the physical reality described by urban historians.

Though we will concentrate on Paris in its literary representations, comparisons will also involve other forms of art such as painting, photography and cinema, in order to illustrate the omnipresence of Paris in French imagination. A range of mediums will be discussed, but literature will be used as the grounding element for discussion in each case. Accordingly, we will examine works from: Delacroix, Monet, Manet, Renoir, Pissaro, Degas, Caillebotte, Delaunay, Marville, Atget, Cartier-Bresson, Tati, Klapish and Jeunet. Students will be encouraged to draw comparisons between different forms of representations, across time periods, and to compare and contrast differences between mediums, as well as time periods.


•    Attendance is mandatory.  It is essential that students attend all classes and participate actively.  Unexcused absences will influence the final grade.
•    Reading assignments are critical. Students are expected to read the material as it is assigned and come to class prepared.


Visits to museums and other relevant sites (depending on current exhibits) are an integral part of this course, and failure to attend them will be counted as an unexcused absence.


The final grade for this course will consist of the following components:

Participation in seminar discussions and class preparation        20 %
Oral presentation                            30 %
Final Exam                                50%


Barricelli, Jean-Pierre.  Fireplaces of Civilization.  Riverside:  Xenos Book, 1993.
Benjamin, Walter.  Paris, Capitale du XIXe Siècle:  Le Livre des Passages.  Trans. Jean
Lacoste.  Ed.  Rolf Tiedemann.  Paris:  Les Editions du Cerf, 1993.
Burton, R. “The Unseen Seer, or Proteus in the City: Aspects of a Nineteenth-Century Parisian
Myth”, French Studies XLII, 1 (1988) 50-68.
Collier, Peter.  “Nineteenth Century Paris:  Vision and Nightmare.”  Unreal City:  Urban     Experience in Modern European Literature and Art.  Ed.  Edward Timms and David
Kelley.  New York:  St. Martin’s Press, 1985.
---., & Lethbridge Robert, Artistic Relations. Literature and the Visual Arts in nineteenth
century France. Yale University Press: 1994.
Ferguson, Priscilla Parkhurst. Literary France: The Making of a Culture. Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1987.
---. Paris as Revolution: Writing the Nineteenth Century City. Berkeley: University of California
Press, 1994.
Lehan, Richard. The city in Literature :An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley: The
University of California Press, 1999.
McMahon, Joseph, ed. Paris in Literature. New Haven: Yale French Studies, 1964.
Prendergast, Christopher. Paris and the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell
Publishers, 1992.
Raser, G. The Heart of Balzac’s Paris. Choisy-le-roi: Imprimerie de France, 1970.
Schor, Naomi.  “Zola:  from Window to window.”  Yale French Studies 42 (1969):  38-51.

Brenneman, David A., ed. Paris in the Age of Impressionism: Masterworks From the Musée
d’Orsay. New York; Harry N. Abrams, 2002.
Clark, T.J., The Painting of Modern Life. Paris in the Art of Manet and his Followers. New York:
Knopf, 1985.
Gaussen, Frédéric. Paris des peintres. Paris : Adam Biro, 2002.
Reff, Theodore, ed. Manet and Modern Paris: One Hundred Paintings, Drawings, prints and
Photographs by Manet and His Contemporaries. Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1982.
Rosenthal, Mark. Visions of Paris: Robert Delaunay’s Series. New York: Guggenheim Museum,
Sagner-Düchting, Karin. Renoir: Paris and the Belle Epoque. New York: Prestel, 1996.
Wiser, William. The Crazy Years: Paris in the Twenties. London: Thames & Hudson, 1983.

Atget, Eugène. Eugène Atget’s Paris. Essay by Andreas Krase, edited by Hans Christian Adam.
New York: Taschen, 2001.
---. Atget Paris. Presented by Beaumont-Maillet. Paris: Hazan, 1992.
---. Paris du temps perdu. Text by Marcel Proust. Lausanne: Edita, 1963.
Cartier Bresson, Henri. Paris à vue d’oeil. Paris : Seuil, 1997
---. The Early Work. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Londres: Thames & Hudson, 1987.
---. Henri Cartier-Bresson: à propos de Paris. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994.
Gautrand, Jean-Claude. Paris mon amour. Paris : Marval, 1996.
Mellot, Philippe. Le nouveau Paris sens dessus dessous Marville-photographies 1864-1877.
Paris: Trinckvel, 1995.
Paviot, Françoise. Paris des photographes. Paris: Duchêne, 2002.

Binh, N.T. Paris au cinéma, la vie rêvée de la capitale de Méliès à Amélie Poulain. Paris :
Parigramme, 2003.
Jeanne, René & Charles Ford. Paris vu par le cinéma. Paris: Hachette, 1969.


Week 1

The Birth of a Myth
•    Course syllabus and requirements
•    Paris in the nineteenth century
The Balzacian Archetype : Paris of the Restauration
•    Honoré de Balzac’s Old Goriot (1835) : analysis of the opening scene
•    Parisian social segregation
•    Lavielle’s representation: Cinq étages du monde parisien, coupe d’un immmeuble (1850)

Week 2
What is the myth made of ?
•    Old Goriot
•    Parisian microcosms : the quartier, the boarding house
•    A dialectic of combat

Week 3
Paris as Revolution
•    Passages from Hugo’s Les misérables (1862) and Flaubert’s l’Education sentimentale : a comparison of two perspectives
•    Delacroix : La liberté menant le peuple (1830)

Week 4
Baudelaire’s Paris : The Poet in the City, from a Pastoral to an Urban Mode
•    Introduction to The Flowers of Evil (1861)
•    Analysis of a poem  The Swan

Week 5
Haussmann’s Paris : A Mobile Entity
•    Marville’s and Atget’s Paris
•    Zola’s La curée

Week 6
Haussmann’s Paris : A Mobile Entity
•    What is Naturalism ?
•    Zola’s La curée
•    Zola and the impressionnists see the virtual exhibition “Zola: historien et poète de la modernité”(http://expositions.bnf/Zola/Zola/expo/index.htm)
•    Painters and writers at the café Guerbois

Week 7
Impressionnist Paris
•    Paintings by Manet, Monet, Renoir, Caillebotte, Degas and Pissaro

Week 8
Paris of “l’Esprit Nouveau”

•    Apollinaire’s “Zone” and “Mirabeau Bridge” from Alcools (1913)
•    Paintings by Delaunay

Week 9

Is the Myth Still Alive Today ?
Paris in cinema since Méliès
Paris in Contemporary Literature

Week 10

Final Exam

I.    Structure and goals

The aim of this course is to examine one or more areas of commercial law from a comparative perspective, that students can recognise comparative law issues when they arise in commercial law and are able to analyse those issues using the conceptual tools of comparative law. Based on a comparative analysis this course will  include aspects of corporate laws in civil and common law countries, international buisiness transactions, disputes resolution as well as the contract laws of different countries.

II.    Assessment

Assessment type    Description    Grade
Assignment    Essay not exceeding 1,500 words    30%
Examination    In class examination     70%

III.    Bibliography

•    Foster, NHD 'Comparative Commercial Law: Rules or Context?'
•    in Örücü, E and Nelken, D (eds) Comparative Law: A Handbook Hart
•    John Henry Merryman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, The Civil Law Tradition, An Introduction to the Legal Systems of Europe and Latin America

IV.    Syllabus

1.    INTRODUCTION: Course overview. Some commercial law basics, contracts law basics, french compared to other legal systems, sources of law, judicial process,

2.    Contracts :classification, formation and  nullity;  different type of business, comparative law,  formalities in France

3.    Negotiating and drafting key international business transactions:
distributorship agreement, applicable law, best effort

4. Intellectual Property Rights basics: introduction, patent, trademarks, cases study

5. Licensing and Electronic transactions

6. International Dispute Resolution:  arbitration V/s adjudication

7. Alternative Dispute Resolution : How to use mediation, conciliation
and other ADR? We will then collectively draft the dispute resolution clause
which we decide is the most suitable to our hypothetical case.

8.    Employment law basics: drafting an Employment Agreement, hiring a
foreign employee, terminating an agreement, drafting a transaction

9.    Social media use at work and online privacy: Can you get fired from work for posting on social media when you are not at work, Prohibited reasons for which you can't be fired or let go from work, What does the law consider to be private and not.

10.Final Exam

An Introduction to French Cinema : from the Lumière Brothers to the New Wave



Course pack



Cinema is considered the 7th art (7ème art) in France and it unveils essential aspects of 20th century French culture, society and history. This course aims at developing a good basic knowledge of French cinema and of the culture that produced it.

This course will explore the history of cinema in France from the Lumière brothers’ first films to the New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague). Several films will be analyzed and we will explore several movements since the birth of cinema in 1895: films by Auguste and Louis Lumière, Georges Méliès, Marcel L’Herbier, Jean Renoir, Marcel Carné, François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Goddard and Agnès Varda.



Attendance is mandatory.  It is essential that students attend all classes and participate actively.  Unexcused absences will influence the final grade. Reading assignments are critical. Students are expected to read the material as it is assigned and come to class prepared.



 The final grade for this course will consist of the following components:

 Participation in seminar discussions and class preparation                20 %

Oral presentation                                                                       30 %

Final paper                                                                                50%


The French political system and French politics in foreign affairs.


The purpose of this course is to make you familiar with the recent history of France, the French political system and the French position in international affairs. Our method to acquaint you with it, is to link analyses about France within a large point of view about the evolution of western democracies and also to link academic analysis with the day-to-day of current affairs.

The evaluation of our course will consist in a test with twenty short questions. Personal participation to the seminar will be a bonus and raise your grade.


1.  The general frame of politics today : the crisis of the representative government in western democracies / societies divided in open and closed social classes.

 2.  The historical frame of the French political system : from the French revolution towards the Fifth republic / from monarchy to the French presidential regime.

 3.  Two French political traditions or patterns : the parliamentary  government as the unique expression of the people / principles without legal consequences. The Fifth Republic : resolving the tensions between the traditions?

 4. The evolution of the French system party and the risk of stalemate of the system : a bipartisan system around the race for presidency / the rise of non-government parties with the multiplication of voting occasions and the rise of abstentionists.

 5. The general frame and evolution of the international political system : from bipolarity  to multipolarity / from war to competition / from bilateral relationships to multilateral links.

 6. The French Gaullist position in the bipolar world of the Cold war / The French position today between realism and idealism.

 7. The French “soft power” :  the world of Francophony / the French touch / the French image through tourism.

 8. 9. Visiting Paris : historical monuments and places where memorable events occurred to through a reading of the architecture of the city.

10. Exam

Teaching Language: English

Professor: Pierre Renaudeau